Notebooks of the Mind

I came across an interesting concept while reading an article in the SCBWI Bulletin called “Jotting Things Down” by Anne Sibley O’Brien.  She referenced a term called “Notebooks of the Mind,” which I just thought sounded so cool!  And mysterious.  But what does it mean?  Did you ever keep a journal or diary growing up?  Or what about when you had that great thought or idea while standing in line at the grocery store or sitting at a restaurant and you had to scribble it down on a napkin so you didn’t forget it.  All of these scribbles and sketches cumulate into “Notebooks of the Mind” or windows into our soul.  A lot of it seems meaningless at the time, and truthfully, much of it may never amount to anything tangible.  But it’s fodder.  Fuel for that project you’re envisioning or maybe something else yet to be discovered.  And when you go back to it, it’s like walking through a museum of memories, which is also fun.

If you’re not convinced of the importance of jotting things down, remember this:  “Creativity did not descend like a bolt of lightning that lit up the world in a single brilliant flash.  It came in tiny steps, bits of insight, and incremental changes.  Zigs and zags.  When people followed those zigs and zags, ideas and revelations started flowing.”  -Keith Sawyer, author of Zig Zag

Benjamin Franklin didn’t just get hit by lightning.  He kept notebooks, too.

I have my own journals at home.  20 or so of them, actually, collected over the years–consisting of poem fragments, stray thoughts, jumbled up text, old ticket stubs, magazine collages, scratches, and sketches.  Some of it will never see the light of day, but it’s useful nonetheless.  My small treasures.  The Notebooks of MY Mind.

What’s going on in my brain?  Here’s a sneak peek, circa 2003.

notebook of my mind

Now, I want to know, what’s going on in yours?


Quote of the Day: Courage

I read a really great quote in the recent SCBWI Bulletin.  Richard Peck gave this advice to author Ruta Sepetys.

“The only way you can write is by the light of the bridges burning behind you.”

Feel free to insert whatever activity you want here.  The point is, we can’t always move forward towards our goal without leaving something behind first.  It’s okay to take small steps, just don’t let anyone tell you that what you’re reaching for isn’t worth the risk.  If it lights you up, that’s enough.

Interview with Author Tim Loge and Giveaway!

Freebooter's Paradise by Tim Loge

Freebooter’s Paradise by Tim Loge

I’m celebrating self-publishing this week and had the pleasure of interviewing author Tim Loge about his book Freebooter’s Paradise.   You can read my review of his book on goodreads, but for now, just imagine a pirate ship coming to town on dust devils!  I first became acquainted with Tim when I interviewed author/illustrator Denise Fleming.  He shared photos of her story park on behalf of the Sanger Branch Library in Toledo, OH where he is a children’s librarian.  I was excited to meet a fellow librarian, especially one who is also a middle grade fantasy writer like me!  Enjoy his interview.  Watch out for pirates 😉     

How long have you been writing?

Back when I was in 3rd Grade, our local newspaper, The Toledo Blade, held a coloring contest. The winners received free tickets to see a marionette show. As luck would have it, I won; I remember my Mom and I thoroughly enjoying the show. Well, for months afterward I had written and performed marionette shows for all of the neighborhood kids. We set up benches in my garage and from the attic a couple of us dangled down homemade marionettes onto a makeshift stage. Of course I needed help, so everyone in the audience usually participated in some way or another, maybe as an usher or a second act puppeteer. Boy, did we have a lot of fun! Back then we thought our shows were spectacular, but I remember the marionettes weren’t. They were a stringy mess of painted cardboard. Honestly though, I think that was when I was bitten by the story bug. As for writing proper stories, that had to wait ‘til I started working on my Agricultural Degree at the University of Guelph in Ontario, Canada. How I found time to study and write I don’t know because I was in class 38 hours every week. That meant I had to spend at least that much time doing homework. Writing stories was a joy while earning my Creative Writing degree from the University of Victoria in British Columbia, Canada.

What made you want to become a children’s author?

J. K. Rowling. Her Harry Potter stories have engaged children and adults in a way that makes them want to read more. How many kids read today because of Rowling? The Harry Potter novels are:

  • Fun
  • Adventurous
  • Scary
  • Relaxing

Her characters are friends you miss after you finish reading the series. It almost feels like you have lost some close friends. Now, that’s magic I wish to create!

You self-published your book.  Why did you decide to take this route and would you ever consider traditional publishing?

Unless you’re a celebrity or a darling to someone in the publishing industry, you will never be a shoe-in to get published. In fact, finding someone to seriously look at your work can be very hard. Most of the time it’s college students surfing the slush piles of manuscripts that publishers receive. College students? Yep. So, does that mean anything original and unfamiliar will probably be ignored? Maybe. I’ve heard, and have grown to believe, that attending a writing conference is a good way to get proper exposure for you and your story, and I plan on attending more of those myself. I self-published Freebooter’s Paradise as an eBook first. eBooks are exciting creatures right now. I uploaded my novel to Barnes & Noble, Amazon, Apple, and Smashwords on September 5th, which just happens to be Jessie James’ birthday. How cool is that: being that Jessie James was sort of a pirate in his day? The problem with eBooks for me was that kids knew what eReaders were, but a lot of them didn’t have access to them. So, it looked like I needed to print my novel to get my story out. The way I went about printing it was by creating a project on the crowd sourcing company called Kickstarter. The project is still on their website. Go check it out.

Self-publishing is very trendy these days.  Can you tell us a little bit about the process?  Did you hire your own editor?  Find your own cover artist?  Handle the layout and design?

Ah yes, I had to do everything. I hired an editor, and then another and another. I commissioned an artist, contracted a printer, and secured an ISBN number. I contacted schools and book stores for visits. Would I do it all again? Yes, it was a blast! Do traditionally published authors understand exactly what has happened for their stories to become books? I bet most do, but not many have done it all by themselves. My plan, after getting picked up by a major publisher, is to become the best team player/author a publisher has EVER come across. I KNOW what has to be done to create a book, and I will so much appreciate their help! I also know I still have much more to learn about the whole industry; I have so much more to give. Catch me if you can…

In what ways have you promoted your book?

Like I mentioned earlier, I visit stores and schools. Both are fun adventures, but the school visits are the most fun. I usually sell more books there too. I also meet really awesome librarians and reviewers like you, Angie.  I’m so happy you enjoyed Freebooter’s Paradise!

Now let’s talk about the story itself.  How did you come up with the idea?  Were you always interested in pirates?  Did you do a lot of research on the topic?

Yes, I love pirates! But, let’s start here: I’m also a big fan of Rick Riordan’s novel The Lightning Thief. I loved the fact that reluctant readers enjoyed its quick pace and ton of adventures. So, I decided to write a story in that same style. When I started Freebooter’s Paradise there were only a couple of middle grade novels which took place in the Superstition Mountains or The Lost Dutchman’s Gold Mine. Nothing modern anyway, and no one had considered flying pirates to Arizona, let alone Captain Blackbeard, who has been dead for centuries! Yes, I did research, but after all, it’s a made-up story. I stayed true to what I needed to, and then, I did what authors do best—I made up the rest. Haha!

Some people say my family is related to Captain Kidd 😉  Who is your favorite pirate and why?

I’m thrilled you’re related to Captain Kidd! Apparently his blood line has grown large over the years. You all should hold a family reunion. I bet you would get TV news coverage, if not the History Channel. Personally, I have great sympathy for Captain Kidd. He was an excellent Privateer, a private citizen who hunted ships of the enemy (like you know), but through political maneuvers and King’s favors he ended up an enemy of the King. Ugh. Look for Captain Kidd as a villain in my book two of Dangerous Tandem Adventures. He might finally get what’s his, after being Blackbeard’s lackey in their magical new lives. Where Kidd’s real life story is interesting, Captain Blackbeard is my favorite pirate for a lot of reasons. First, I couldn’t imagine lighting a fuse in my hair just to look menacing. That’s not because I don’t have much hair, ahem, but just because. I mean: Who puts fire near their face? Let alone in their beard/hair? Secondly, according to most pirate historians, Edward Teach (or Thatch) 1680 – 22 November 1718 was the most famous Pirate King of the Caribbean, and only for two years 1716-1718. I use the term ‘Pirate King,’ but he wasn’t called that then. After all these years, he’s remembered to be the fiercest of pirates. Shipping Captains would just give up when they found out Blackbeard’s ship was chasing them. Have you seen Captain Blackbeard’s flag? Talk about creepy. Not only is it a skeleton stabbing a heart ‘til it bleeds, it’s the skeleton of a devil! And it’s holding a time piece in its other hand, sort of saying, “Your time’s up, Matey!”

You chose an interesting setting for your pirates—the desert.  What made you choose Arizona as the location for this story?

I chose that setting because I love Arizona, and at the time there weren’t a lot of middle grade stories set there. I wouldn’t say so now, lots of stories now, but in any case, the American Southwest is an amazing place. Everyone, please go visit it someday; you’ll see. Also, I enjoyed the idea of pirates finding a gold mine. Would they mine it? Or would it be too hard for them? After all, they’re pirates. They enjoy stealing! LOL

I read on your blog that you hiked in Northern Spain.  Tell us about that experience.

I’ve hiked The Way of Saint James three times now. That’s an ancient Christian pilgrimage. One can actually start anywhere in Europe and walk their way to The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. Usually most folks start in Southern France and hike across the Pyrenees, through Pamplona, Burgos, and Leon all the way to the Cathedral where the bones of Saint James the Greater are buried. If you do that, you’ll have hiked 500 miles. I never thought I could do such a thing, but what strength I’ve gained from it for my body, mind, and heart. And really, isn’t everything in life about the heart? I made friends from all over the world. Would I do it a fourth time? You bet!

You’re also a librarian.  How has that helped or influenced your writing?

I’m a Children’s Librarian, so I probably read too much middle grade fiction! They’re at least fun stories, and most of the time enlightening, unlike other genres. Maybe I have a leg up in writing because middle graders tell me what they like or don’t like about stories. They share titles they enjoy with me all of the time. From that, I try to build good, fun stories. It’s a challenge, but it has been a fun adventure for me.

What’s up next?  What are you working on now?  A sequel perhaps?

Yes, definitely! I’m working now on book two of the Dangerous Tandem Adventures. I’m also working on a teen and an adult novel. I have lots in the works actually. I’d be thrilled to have you, Angie, be an advance reader for book two! What do you think? Thank you again, for taking a chance on reading Freebooter’s Paradise. Cheers!

***To celebrate, I’m giving away a signed copy of this book!  For a chance to win, leave a comment on this post either about the interview or the blog or both.  Also include your name and email so I can contact you, if you win 🙂  You must reside in the U.S. to be eligible.

Interview with Author/Illustrator Denise Fleming

I had the honor of interviewing author/illustrator Denise Fleming.  I became familiar with her work long before I became a children’s librarian.  We share the same hometown, Toledo, OH.  The children’s section of the Sanger Branch library features her characters.  Literally, it’s like walking into one of her books.  Then, in December of 2012, I had the opportunity to meet her in person at a book event.  She shared her unique process of pulp painting.  Check out her latest books, including underGROUND, on her website.  To find out about her upcoming projects, read on!
AK: What do you like best about Toledo?
DF: People often ask why I still live in Toledo, my birthplace. They seem to find it strange that I still am here. Well, first off, it is very affordable. Then there is the fact that my family is here–my tiny family of a sister, brother-in-law, husband, and daughter. Ann Arbor is only 45 minutes away and it’s a great city to ramble around and see art–there is a wonderful paper store and many great restaurants with interesting cuisine. I also love the fact that we have seasons–although, a great winter of snow seems to be a thing of the past. We have a cottage at a spring-fed lake that is only an hour and ten minutes away, so, when I want a change of scenery I can drive there any time of day. My husband and I like to arrive late at night and go right to sleep. When we wake up, we may take a ride on the pontoon boat, visit the farm market, or work in the clay studio behind the cottage. It is a good life. My adult self is not much different from my child self.
AK: Animals in nature seems to be a recurring theme in your books.  What is your favorite critter and why?
DF: I have always felt more comfortable in nature than around people. We have planted our  3/4 acre yard to be a habitat for wild creatures, so we have lots of squirrels, possums, owls, butterflies, raccoons, garter snakes, rabbits, birds, a box turtle or two and, every now and then, deer. There used to be many more creatures–fox, pheasant–but development has cut down on open space. People are surprised when they enter our yard, which is pretty secluded from neighbors with plantings and is so different from surrounding yards. Delivery people always say it is like being on vacation. Our cottage is also pretty wild as far as vegetation goes, and there are lots of creatures there–wood ducks, mallards, Canada geese, muskrats, turtles, sandhill cranes, herons, and lots more. As for a favorite animal–love them all–even when they create problems for me. I think we need to respect wildlife.
AK: How did you discover pulp painting?  How did you know this was your style?
DF: I took an adult continuing ed class with my sister at the high school down the street. We thought taking this class might offset February cabin fever, which is a problem in the midwest. The class description said we would be making handmade paper notecards etc. The colored paper pulp was in huge galvanized tubs. It was like a gigantic palette. Wow! Forget notecards, I wanted to make pulp paintings!!
I then went on to take more paper making classes at Arrowmont School of Arts and Crafts in Gatlinburg Tenn., where I poured the first pieces for Count!
Pulp painting was a fit–no question. It was physical, it was process, it really worked for me. Recently I have added collage to the pulp paintings, and I am working on a book where I pour just the backgrounds and collage the foreground. I also have experimented with other media–not paper making. Didn’t work. Felt uneasy. Not me.
 AK: Describe a typical work day.  Do you have any rituals for getting started?  What must you have by your side?
DF: There is no usual workday–it varies enormously. I may draw, design, write, think, redo, edit, whatever. I have no starting time. Summer/spring is my best  work time, as the days are long, and I am much more productive. I do have music on when I work.  That also varies with my mood–maybe Ella, Louie or James Taylor, Nora Jones, etc. As the day progresses, I change music styles.
Mealtimes are random. Breaks are here and there. I may decide to go to the cottage to work on manuscripts as chores are not as numerous there and it is very quiet.
I need a huge glass of ice water or iced tea beside me when I start working. When I am really concentrating, I breathe through my mouth and my throat becomes very dry.
AK: You said that you love strong action words that convey movement and sound.  What is one of your favorites?
DF: Oh gosh, I love words like crunch, slip, slide, swoop, shuffle, I could go on and on.  If it was another day I would offer different words.
AK: What inspires you or helps you shake off writer’s block?
DF: Reading, sitting in the porch swing, running errands, talking to an art friend on the phone, visiting with my daughter, and snacking.
AK: I see in a photo on your website that you have an idea board.  Can you tell us about that?
DF: I post anything that catches my fancy on several big cork boards. Right now there are some great magazine photos of hens, wild colored flowers, children, trucks, baby armadillos, lists of words, articles about reading, baby teeth, cool tiny houses, quick sketches, dancing figures–really all sorts of things to start me thinking. They may never be in a book but may spark an idea that starts an idea chain. Often what I start with is not in the finished book. I also work in different media–clay, cloth, recycled tin cans–the things that I create in those media inform my book work.
AK: Which character in literature do you most identify with? And which one would you secretly hope to be?
DF: Pippi, of course. I now have red hair, a drawer full of striped socks, I’m not too crazy about authority, and would like to live on a houseboat.
I do braid my hair sometimes. I must reread the books. Pippi— here I come!
AK: What advice would you give to an aspiring writer/illustrator?
DF: Ah, this is a toughy. For me it was focusing on learning what I truly loved. Not following someone else’s lead. Doing only what felt right to me. When I first started, I illustrated mass market books, which was a fabulous learning experience. It not only taught me about gutter, page design, and pagination, it made me realize that what I wanted to do was write and illustrate in the trade book field. Prior to this, I was a freelance artist mostly picking up advertising work. I had never taken any book design classes, etc. I learned by studying books I liked and figuring out why I liked them. As for titles, I know you are going to ask–no specifics. I studied hundreds and hundreds of books. I tried all sorts of media. I accidentally found pulp painting, and it all clicked. I had several manuscripts that I was working on writing. Count! and In the Tall, Tall Grass were what came of combining the words and the pulp paintings.  And of course I can’t leave out Laura Godwin at Holt. She was my fairy godmother. She got it from the get go–it was a match. Give a shout out to Laura–my bantering buddy and editor.
So, advice. Go for it! Try all avenues. Join SCBWI. Take classes. Realize everything you do is not precious. And not everyone will like what you do. Work!!!!
AK: Tell us what you’re working on now or a project you finished that you’re particularly excited about.
DF: I am working on several book dummies right now. Experimenting and trying some new things–some of which have been massive failures–“What was I thinking?” ideas. Remember, not everything you do is precious.
I am ready to make finishes on a book titled Go, Shapes, Go! A lot of what I do falls under concept books. I do few regular stories. Although, I have some that I soon will be showing around. I am afraid I have been pigeonholed as only writing/illustrating concept books by my supporters. Publishers are cool with me doing stories, but fans, not so much. Teachers and librarians use my books a lot and concept fits with what they do. Pooh, I say! Not really–I love doing concept books.


brush and ink

Yohaku is the concept of white space. I first heard this term at a library conference in 2006. Legendary author E. L. Konigsburg, who wrote From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler, gave a speech about appreciating both the half empty and half full glass.  She read us her elegant, intellectual speech and all eyes were on her.  It is a reminder that it is okay to prepare your words ahead of time and still be heard from the heart.

So what was she trying to tell us that was so important?  First of all, we need both the positive and the negative.  Everything has a duality.  You can call it masculine and feminine, black and white, yin and yang, north and south pole, good and evil, but it is all the same.  We exist because of it and we can transcend whatever side of the pole we find ourselves on in any given aspect of our lives in any moment.

She pointed out that only in our society would we refer to this beautiful white space as “negative” space.  Why?  We seem to have a need to fill up every corner of every painting, every closet, every space in our lives with stuff.  If we don’t, it is seen as a negative.  But how does black exist fully without the white space behind it, between it, around it, pushing it forward?  The reverse, of course, is also true, but we usually start with a white piece of paper.  And doesn’t that scare us to death?

When I asked my husband, who is Japanese, about the term “yohaku,” he immediately referred to the term as white space.  When I called it “negative” space, he said, “Oh no, it isn’t negative.  It’s a positive thing.”  I had to explain where the negative reference came from.

So how does this relate to my latest sumi-e painting?  It is my first attempt at something abstract with ink.  It is supposed to represent the concept of the “black hole.”  A little research taught me that black holes exist throughout the universe and balance the stars (light) that exists.  Black holes suck up matter (including light), which is a scary thought.  But they also spit out particles that make up all living things, including us.  We in essence would not exist without them.  The earth may in fact be a byproduct of one of them.

Looking at the painting, where is your eye drawn?  To the black in the center or the white throughout?  Could either exist fully without the other?  Which is more important?  More beautiful?

Konigsburg told us she gave herself time to write even as a young mother.  She found the space for her words.  We must find the space for ours.

My secondhand childhood copy signed and dated by the author 🙂

Check out these other posts that highlight yohaku as well as the concept of creative space:

The Four Noble Ones

Letting Go

Interview with Author/Illustrator Julia Maisen

I had the pleasure of interviewing author/illustrator Julia Maisen.  I became familiar with her work after seeing an article she wrote, “Art Education on the Cheap,” in the March/April 2013 issue of the SCBWI Bulletin.  Check out her work here.

AK: What inspired you to become an artist?

JM: I think that I have always wanted to be an artist, or at least I can’t remember a time when I didn’t want to be an artist. I suppose I was just one of the lucky ones who never grew out of the desire to create.

AK: You mentioned in your article that you never went to art school. Are you self-taught or did you take classes independently? What artists and/or styles were you especially drawn to in your studies?

JM: It’s funny; when you talk about being self-taught it can mean a lot of different things. For me I’ve taken maybe 2 art classes at a university as well as a workshop or two. Most of my instruction comes from books, DVDs and observation. I also make up a lot of exercises for myself based on things I’ve read and suggestions from other artists.

I love the golden age illustrators, especially N.C. Wyeth. Sargent is another favorite artist as is Holly Hobbie, Adam Rex, Chris Van Allsburg and too many others to count.

AK: Where is the most interesting place you’ve gone to sketch? What did you draw there?

JM: I once went sketching at the zoo, which was a lot of fun. I also sketched a lot while on a family trip to France a couple of years ago. But mostly I don’t go anywhere in particular to sketch, since for the most part I’m trying to get an image in my head down on paper.

AK: You seem to prefer watercolors. Why do you like this medium? What do you find most challenging?

JM: I’ve always loved watercolors, in part because they are a great mix of careful planning and happy accidents. As for the most challenging thing about watercolor I think it’s establishing your darks while at the same time preserving your whites. It can be hard to build up darks in watercolors since the paint is so translucent.

AK: What is your favorite technique and why?

JM: I like working wet-into-wet and creating blooms with the water. It’s a neat effect that can suggest interesting textures and add interest to a painting.

AK: I read that you are also a writer. Which came first for you, writing or art?

JM: I’ve always done both, though I think that it took me longer to realize that I could write my own stories just like I could create my own pictures.

AK: Do you write and illustrate your own picture books? What is that process like for you?

JM: I do write and illustrate my own stories, though I haven’t had any of them published yet. Mostly the story starts with an image of an idea and I go from there. In the beginning I’m jumping back and forth a lot between words and pictures until I nail down what the story is about. After that it’s pretty straightforward, with me first writing a final version of the text and then creating the pictures.

AK: What makes you want to write and illustrate for children?

JM: It’s partly because the stories in my head just naturally seem to go there and partly because I think stories for kids have a lot of heart and humor in them, which I like.

AK: What advice can you offer to an artist who wishes to pursue a career in art/illustration without getting a formal art degree?

JM: If you are not going to get a degree, then you have to be committed to pursuing your art every day. You need to be driven to both get better and to put your art out into the world.

AK: Do you think it is better to be an expert or a beginner when it comes to making art?

JM: I think you need both to be successful. You need to be a beginner in the sense that you need to be willing to try new things and new techniques. A beginner is more likely to leap without looking and trusting that in the end everything will turn out right. But you also need the skills and experience that an expert brings to the table. An expert knows a thousand and one ways to direct the reader’s eye and communicate an emotion. That’s a necessary skill to have.

Author Spotlight: Janet Ruth Heller

As you may know, I’ve been working on a MG fantasy novel about bullying.  It’s always nice to find authors who share a similar interest.  I came across a wonderful author, Janet Ruth Heller, who wrote a picture book about bullying.  Her book, How the Moon Regained Her Shape, offers some great advice on overcoming bullying.  I had the honor of interviewing her.  Please visit her website for more information.

AK: What inspired you to become a writer?

JRH: I’m the oldest of five children, and my mother read me many good poems and stories while I was growing up.  I began writing stories for my younger siblings when I was about eight years old.  I was also fortunate to have a first grade teacher, Mrs. Mesias, who encouraged us students to write poems.  She liked a poem that I wrote about flying a kite with my father, so she dittoed it for the whole class.  I guess that was my first publication.  When I was 14, I read about the poet Edna St. Vincent Millay in Russell Freedman’s book entitled Teenagers Who Made HistoryMillay’s biography inspired me to dream about becoming a serious writer.  High school teachers like Barbara Gensler brought literature to life and nurtured my creative writing.

AK: You mention several favorite authors on your website, one of which is Jerry Spinelli.  He broached the topic of bullying in several of his novels.  Which one of his books did you like best and why?  Do you have any other favorite children’s authors?

JRH: I have read Spinelli’s novels Crash and Wringer.  I like both books because Spinelli encourages readers to question our society’s stereotypes about how boys and men should behave.  He portrays young men who begin by accepting the stereotype that men should act tough, should confront and bully other people, should always compete with the men around them, should abuse women, and should not care about other people’s feelings.  Gradually, Spinelli’s main characters learn to get in touch with their more sensitive and caring side.  Their realization that men are much more complex than the stereotype is a very profound concept that will help readers to also challenge these stereotypes.

I also love the novels by Judy Blume.  She helps young people to understand that many youths share the same problems.  I also like A Child’s Garden of Verses by Robert Louis Stevenson and the poems for children by Karla Kuskin and John Ciardi.  All three writers stimulate children’s imagination.

AK: Your picture book has a lyrical quality to it.  How has poetry influenced your writing?

JRH: I have written hundreds of poems and published two books of poetry, Traffic Stop (Finishing Line Press, 2011) and Folk Concert: Changing Times (Anaphora Literary Press, 2012).  My work as a poet has helped make my books more concise and more focused on images.  I use specific details to communicate with readers, rather than hitting readers on their heads with obvious lessons.  My book about bullying for children, How the Moon Regained Her Shape (Sylvan Dell, hardback 2006; paperback 2007; e-book, audio book, and Spanish edition 2008; third paperback edition and iPad app 2012), is written in prose poetry, which combines the prose format and poetic devices like meter and repetition of sounds.

AK: In school, poetry is considered to be a critical unit of study, but yet many teachers aren’t sure the best way to approach it with their students.  Do you have any thoughts on how to make poetry accessible to young people, especially in this day and age?

JRH: It helps to point out to students that poetry is all around us.  For example, the nursery rhymes that we learned as children are all poems, and the popular songs that we hear are all poems.  I often ask students to bring in the lyrics of their favorite songs.  Also, many people do not realize that poems have different goals:  poems can tell a story, can describe a scene lyrically, can convey ideas and meditations, can portray characters talking with one another, etc.

Students often react better to modern poems than to poems from 1600 or 1740.  Contemporary poems may be easier for young people to understand because the English language has changed over time and because people living in 2012 face a different landscape than people living in 1600.  It is also important to include poems by writers who are ethnically diverse.  I often teach the work of modern writers like Marge Piercy, Maxine Kumin, Jim Daniels, Adrienne Rich, Emily Dickinson, Alberto Ríos, John Updike, Elinor Wylie, John Frederick Nims, Carl Sandburg, Langston Hughes, Gwendolyn Brooks, Edwin Arlington Robinson, Mong-Lan, Naomi Shihab Nye, and Kenneth Koch.

AK: Your picture book is all about the moon’s journey, as one being bullied.  She learns to regain confidence in herself through supportive influences, which I think is a great takeaway message about replacing negative messages with positive ones.  There is no mention of the bully, in this case the sun, at the end of the story.  After her journey, what do you think the moon would say to the sun if confronted once again?

JRH: Bullies like the sun often tell people lies or distorted views of reality.  At the beginning of my book How the Moon Regained Her Shape, the moon believes the sun’s insults that the moon is “ugly” and that “no one needs you.”  However, the moon learns that the people and animals on earth do consider her very important and very beautiful.  Also the people and animals do need the moon to help them to see their world at night and to inspire them.  One of the messages of my book is that we should not believe what bullies say or let insults affect our self-esteem.

If the moon encountered the sun again, I hope that the moon would say to the sun, “I’m not interested in hearing your insults.  I’m going to play with my friends.”   There are other methods to discourage bullies.  My friend Jori Reijonen, who is a psychologist, teaches children to respond to name-calling by calmly stating, “Thank you very much.  I didn’t know that.”  This unexpected reaction gives bullies no positive reinforcement for their abuse.

I have written a sequel to How the Moon Regained Her Shape which focuses on the sun.  I’m looking for a publisher for this picture book manuscript.

AK: You’ve given talks to school children about bullying.  What is your advice to them?  Do you offer any resources for children who have been bullied?

JRH: I have done a lot of research about bullying, and this knowledge shapes my advice to children and adults.

  • Bullying thrives in secrecy, so I advise children to tell friends, teachers, parents, neighbors, and other relevant adults about repeated bullying.  It is not tattling to tell an adult that a bully or a gang is planning to attack someone.  If one adult will not listen, children need to keep telling adults until someone assists them.
  • Also, I emphasize that no matter how big, strong, or popular someone is, he or she does not have the right to hurt our bodies or our feelings.  All kids need and deserve respect.
  • I urge children to intervene when they see bullying occur because other kids may need them to stand up against a bully.  Children may find a way to prevent bullies from hurting anyone, and a group of children may be able to stop harassment.
  • I believe that bullied children can use basic training in self-defense.  There are many classes for young people in karate, judo, and other martial arts.  Such training can give children self-confidence and teach them how to block blows and frustrate attackers.

Reading and discussing How the Moon Regained Her Shape can help families and classes to open up the topic, discuss the negative impact of bullying, and to explore ways to recover from abuse.  I have a bibliography of 100 books and videos that schools and other organizations can use to discuss bullying with children of different ages.  I also have written various essays to help families, schools, teams, and other groups to deal with bullies.  I suggest that schools establish and publicize a strong anti-bullying policy to keep kids safe.  Many schools also have a “Bully Box” to allow students to report harassment without signing their names.

I often speak at conferences of teachers and librarians, and I visit schools to advise the students, staff, and faculty about how to handle bullying.

AK: There is an obvious need to help kids overcome bullies.  Do you have any ideas of how society can help the bullies change their behavior?  How do you think society can reduce the number of bullies?

JRH: The United States has a multicultural society.  We need to teach children and adults to value diversity and differences, not to be frightened by or angry about ways that other people are not like us.  At school, teachers should encourage children from different racial and ethnic groups to work together on projects.  Also, teachers and other adults need to consistently discourage all forms of bullying.

We need to teach children and adults not to bully others by pointing out that everyone’s body is different and that we all have different strengths and weaknesses.  We can also disagree with one another without resorting to name-calling or fights.  Our society needs to discuss questions like the following.

  • Is anyone’s body perfect?
  • Do we have a right to make remarks that may hurt other people’s feelings?
  • How can we have friendly arguments?
  • What is appropriate information to e-mail or post on a website?

Many bullies need counseling to help them learn anger management and other social skills.  I would like our society to provide more money to help both bullies and their traumatized targets to get assistance from psychologists and social workers.  Without this intervention, some bullies will develop into criminals, and some targets of bullies will suffer from low self-esteem and post-traumatic stress disorder for the rest of their lives.

AK: You mention having been bullied as a child.  How did you deal with it back then?  How would you deal with it now?  How did your own experiences influence the writing of this book?

JRH: I was bullied when I was a new student in afternoon kindergarten.  Recess was an especially traumatic period because the other children refused to play with me, one boy pushed me down, and one girl insulted me every day by shouting, “You’re so skinny that I can see right through you!”  After school, one boy would throw stones at me as I walked home.  Slowly, the physical bullying subsided because I defended myself.  But the name-calling continued for four years of elementary school.  I was a shy girl, and I had no idea what to do about the insults.  I did not tell anyone except my mother, and she responded, “Sticks and stones can break my bones, but names can never hurt me.”  Even at age five, I found this proverb useless:  I was deeply hurt on the inside, and my mother’s response showed me that adults did not care about my suffering.  The name-calling and other forms of bullying lowered my self-esteem and caused me to distrust my peers.

Fortunately, my family outgrew its small house and moved to a larger home after my brother Paul was born.  Then I was in a different school district.  The teachers at my new school intervened if they saw bullying, and they encouraged my classmates to include me in all activities.  I was much happier, and I made many new friends.

If I faced the name-calling situation now, I would tell my bully, “You say the same thing every day.  It’s very boring.  Do you have anything new to say?”  Then I would walk away from her.  If she persisted in bullying me, I would tell my friends, the teacher, my parents, and the recess supervisor.  If they did not help me, I would tell the principal.

I wrote How the Moon Regained Her Shape to help other children so that they would not have to suffer for years as I had.  My book shows children that if they tell friends and adults about their problem with bullying, these people will assist them.  How the Moon Regained Her Shape also shows children that they do not have to believe the insults of bullies.  Because the moon recovers from her traumatic experience, readers of my book learn that they can also regain their happiness and self-esteem after bullying.

AK: You have an obvious interest in Native American mythology.  What are a few of your favorite myths?

JRH: The Navajos have legends about Ever-Changing Woman, who represents the earth and nature.  According to the Navajos, Ever-Changing Woman created human beings and consistently helps them.  The sun and the moon are important in many Zuni legends.  Specific Navajo legends that I enjoy include Small Duck’s role in the creation of mountains and wily Coyote’s role in bringing fire to people.  In general, I like the simple narrative style of Native American legends and the colorful characters.  I also admire the culture’s view that the spheres of humans and animals are not separate but rather interpenetrated.

AK: Writers are often encouraged to seek emotional truth in their writing.  Would you tend to agree?  What do you think is the best way to accomplish that?

JRH: I believe that we write best when we tackle a subject that we have strong feelings about.  For example, my difficult experience with bullying left me hurt and angry, and I used these powerful emotions to create How the Moon Regained Her Shape.  The moon’s suffering mirrors my own childhood.  But the story rewrites the resolution of my own bullying episodes.

I encourage my students and other writers to keep journals.  Often, I write in my journal when I’m very happy or very upset about some aspect of my life.  Putting my ideas down on paper helps me to feel more in control and to understand my experiences better.  Later, I may rework these sentences into poems, essays, stories, or dramas.

I also struggle toward self-knowledge.  We sometimes delude ourselves that we are helping other people when, in fact, we are acting selfishly.  The more a writer can see through his or her illusions, the better he or she can convey the emotional truth of the human experience.